Friday, October 16, 2020

PubMed Clinical Queries Update to Include a Covid-19 Search for Best Evidence

 The PubMed Clinical Queries page will soon be updated with design and content changes. The new page design aligns with the new PubMed and includes a new category for COVID-19 searches. Links and bookmarks created for the legacy PubMed Clinical Queries page will be redirected to the new page when this change takes effect.

The PubMed Clinical Queries page will initially include COVID-19 Articles and Clinical Study Categories (see Figure 1). The new COVID-19 filter strategies are published in the PubMed User Guide and may evolve over time.




Figure 1: PubMed Clinical Queries Page.


The Systematic Review and Medical Genetics filters that were included in the legacy PubMed Clinical Queries page have moved:

  • Systematic Review is available as a default Article Type filter on the filter sidebar for PubMed search result pages (see Figure 2).
  • The Medical Genetics searches are available as filters that may be added to a query using the filter name with the search field tag [filter]: for example, sickle cell anemia AND genetic counseling[filter]. The complete list of filters and associated search strategies are published in the PubMed User Guide.


Figure 2: PubMed Article Type Filter.

For more information about using Clinical Queries and the filter strategies, please see the PubMed User Guide:

By Jessica Chan
National Center for Biotechnology Information

Originally posted to the NLM Technical Bulletin on October 14, 2020.

Chan J. PubMed Clinical Queries Update Coming Soon. NLM Tech Bull. 2020 Sep-Oct;(436):e8.

Thursday, October 15, 2020

Masks May Do More than We Think: ZDoggMD talks with Dr Monica Gandhi


This is recent episode from ZDoggMD' podcast.    

I'd read cited the NEJM article last month and was intrigued with the idea of variolation, so I was happy to hear one of the authors talk about it in this discussion with Dr. Zubin Damania (aka ZDoggMD).   Dr. Gandhi also goes over the current state of the evidence re: face masks.  I was pleased to hear that I was familiar with all the studies she talks about concerning the efficacy of masks to prevent transmission of respiratory infections.  Dr. Gandhi comes from a background of treating patients with HIV, and has a different approach to convincing people to take care of themselves and others, whether it be wearing condoms or face masks.  No shaming here. ;-)

I hope you enjoy it as much as I did!  

Here is the PubMed citation for her article: 

Facial Masking for Covid-19 - Potential for "Variolation" as We Await a Vaccine.
Gandhi M, Rutherford GW.N Engl J Med. 2020 Sep 8. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2026913. Online ahead of print.  PMID: 32897661

Masks May Do More Than We Think (w/Dr. Monica Gandhi)


From ZDogg's introduction to this episode:

What if masks acted to reduce severity of COVID-19 infection for the WEARER, fostering immunity like a vaccine and allowing a full societal reopening?

Dr. Monica Gandhi is a UCSF professor of Medicine in the division of HIV, infectious diseases, and global medicine. She and her colleagues recently proposed just such a theory in the New England Journal of Medicine. In this fantastic interview she outlines the emerging data in support of the idea that masks may do more than we think.

Here’s a NY Times piece about her proposal, and here’s a paper she co-authored in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

And here’s ZDogg's piece on masks that summarizes some of Dr. Gandhi’s work.

Full Transcript is available at ZDoggMD.

References (directly from Dr. Gandhi) :

Viral inoculum theory: Higher viral inocula or “dose” linked to severity of disease

Well described in animal studies and some human studies for respiratory and GI illnesses -higher infective dose thought to lead to faster/greater pathogen replication, leading to a more aggressive and damaging innate inflammatory response, or overwhelming adaptive immune response- all leading to more severe disease.   This is a hypothesis for diseases in which immunopathology plays a role in viral pathogenesis, such as COVID-19 (Rouse BT, Sehrawat S. Immunity and immunopathology to viruses: what decides the outcome? Nat Rev Immunol. 2010;10(7):514-526)

Some evidence for the “viral inocula” theory for SARS/MERS. Evidence in SARS-CoV-2 fom degree of illness in household contacts/ health care workers at beginning of pandemic.  Papers supporting viral inoculum theory. [43 more citations available at ZDogg's site.]

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

WHSLA Genie now accepting wishes!



Have you ever thought “I wish WHSLA…”?  The WHSLA Board wants to be sure we are a viable organization going into this new decade!  As a reminder…

WHSLA's purpose is to:

  • promote the development of health science libraries and librarianship in Wisconsin
  • provide a forum for the discussion of mutual problems and the exchange of ideas and information among members
  • encourage the continuing education of all health science library personnel by sponsoring appropriate educational programs
  • serve as a liaison to other organizations desiring input from WHSLA

 

What do you wish WHSLA could do to support you in your library work? 

Please take a few minutes and send your wishes to the WHSLA Genie by November 2, 2020.  Thank you! 

Any questions?  Contact Deb Knippel

Thank you to Melissa De Santis, M.L.I.S., AHIP for permission to use/adapt her work.  You may want to carry out this theme for a needs assessment in your own library! 

Source:  De Santis, M., Houghton, V., & Fontenelle, C. (2017). "If the Library Genie Granted You Three Wishes, What Would They Be?": Results and Lessons Learned From an Annual User Feedback Campaign. Medical reference services quarterly36(1), 9–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/02763869.2017.1259886 (PMID: 28112639).

Image source:  "Aladdin's Magic Lamp" by ☼☼Jo Zimny Photos☼☼ is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Monday, October 12, 2020

Does Science Self-Correct? What we've learned at Retraction Watch



Does Science Self-Correct?  What We've Learned at Retraction Watch [Web Video; 58:56]   by Dr Ivan Orlansky, presented on Oct 8, 2020.

This is a recording of Dr. Ivan Oransky's inaugural talk in a new lecture series by the Leon Levy Dental Library at Penn Libraries. Hosted by Laurel Graham.

Liz Suelzer's presentation last year helped me understand the importance of retractions in scholarly communication and publishing.  Here's your chance to learn about / catch up on the work of Retraction Watch. 

Common Reasons for Retractions:

  • Duplication (Self-plagiarism) 
  • Plagiarism
  • Image Manipulation
  • Faked Data
  • Fake Peer Reviews
  • Publisher Error
  • Authorship Issues
  • Legal Reasons
  • Not Reproducible
  • Fraud - Misconduct - Reliability - Error - Misc

Did you know that Zotero offers retraction alerts?
"Warning: A citation in your document has been retracted."

Other helpful links:

Retraction Watch's free newsletter.

Retraction Watch Database

Retracted Covid-19 Papers

Retraction Watch Blog

PubPeer - Post publication peer review  


Mask refresher

 Here in Wisconsin, we're seeing the distressing consequences of what happens when people get lax about safety measures.  So here's a cute comic about mask safety!


Comic by Connie Hanzhang Jin



Monday, October 5, 2020

Scientists Knit New Artery Grafts out of Collagen and Synthetic Fibers

A circular knitting machine creates an artery graft out of a hybrid yarn


This bit of medical news was too interesting to pass up ...  I know some of you out there are knitters.  You may have seen those old (or new) sock knitting machines they used in WWI when women were making socks at home for soldiers to prevent trench foot?    

Here's where the streams of crafting, industry, science and medicine cross:  They are basically using a mini sock knitting machine to create a substitute for human tissue.  But first, they had to spin the yarn!    You gotta think the scientists who came up with this brilliant idea are also fiber lovers and knitters, or otherwise spent a significant amount of time with knitters and spinners.  

The collagen and synthetic yarn makes me think of the Korean Japchae noodles made from sweet potatoes that you can buy at farmer's market.  Not the same, I know, but I wonder if they used noodle-making technology to make the yarn?  Crossing even more streams here ...

From the article:

Heart attack patients often need replacements for damaged or blocked sections of coronary arteries, which are usually taken from their own leg veins. But in a new proof-of-concept study, scientists knitted a prototype graft out of hybrid synthetic and biological yarn, forming a scaffold for the patients own cells to grow around and repair the artery.    ... 
 
But it’s not made to be a permanent implant – instead, it’s a scaffold to help the patient’s own cells build a new artery. Those endothelial cells, which normally line the insides of arteries, stick to the scaffold and begin growing.    Read more ...


Irving, M.   30 September 2020. Scientists Knit New Artery Grafts Out Of Collagen And Synthetic Fibers. [online] New Atlas. Available at: <https://newatlas.com/medical/artery-grafts-hybrid-collagen-synthetic-fibers/?fbclid=IwAR0-Ztvs1Of38ewuzWaDYHKp8eIUiN9bB43svnlxf2tH0hL85lefjaPlg8o> [Accessed 5 October 2020].

The research was published in the journal Materials Science and Engineering: C.

Source: NC State University

 

Thursday, October 1, 2020

October is National Medical Librarians Month!

 

Click on the image to see a larger, more readable version.  

October is National Medical Librarians Month!

Medical Librarians are essential 
to improving patient-care outcomes 
and clinical decision making.

Hurray for all our wonderful WHSLA Members!

How are you celebrating NMLM? 

Here are some ideas, including the images you see in this post, 

from The Medical Library Association.




Wishes for WHSLA!

Have you ever thought “I wish WHSLA…”?  The WHSLA Genie would like to hear your wishes! The WHSLA Board wants to be sure we are a viable organization going into this new decade!  


As a reminder…

WHSLA's purpose is to:

  • promote the development of health science libraries and librarianship in Wisconsin
  • provide a forum for the discussion of mutual problems and the exchange of ideas and information among members
  • encourage the continuing education of all health science library personnel by sponsoring appropriate educational programs
  • serve as a liaison to other organizations desiring input from WHSLA

What do you wish WHSLA could do to support you in your library work?  I will send out the official link to the survey via the listserv and blog soon!  Any questions?  Contact Deb Knippel. 

Thank you to Melissa De Santis, M.L.I.S., AHIP for permission to use/adapt her work.  You may want to carry out this theme for a needs assessment in your own library! 

 

Source:  De Santis, M., Houghton, V., & Fontenelle, C. (2017). "If the Library Genie Granted You Three Wishes, What Would They Be?": Results and Lessons Learned From an Annual User Feedback Campaign. Medical reference services quarterly36(1), 9–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/02763869.2017.1259886 (PMID: 28112639).

Image source:  "Aladdin's Magic Lamp" by ☼☼Jo Zimny Photos☼☼ is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Helpful Tips for Common Docline Login Issues: Avoid the dreaded "Permission Denied" Message

 

Helpful tips for common DOCLINE login issues.

I am re-posting this because the dreaded "Permission Denied" message was the bane of my existence when the New Docline began.  Due to a perfect storm of other factors internal to my own organization and NLM, "Permission Denied" was a near constant and frustrating companion for me when New Docline was launching.  Talk about FMO!  Everyone else was moving on, and I couldn't even get on at the time.   My issues have since resolved [Hurray!], but I wanted to make sure this solution was out there for the rest of you.   

-- Michele Matucheski, MLS, AHIP

Medical Librarian - Ascension Wisconsin


Avoid "Permission Denied" with new recommended

  •  PDF contains bookmarked content helpful to both new and existing users.


Docline - NLM's Inter-Library Loan System

Questions about DOCLINE? See the DOCLINE Resources home page for quick tour videos, FAQs and more. 

Contact your Coordinator for help using the system.

Write to the Help Desk with feedback or to report technical issues.